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【转发】比尔盖茨的读书秘方

www.zcqhco.com2019-08-26

  Bill Gates: If you read enough, there's a similarity between things, that make it easy. Because this thing is like this other thing. If you have a broad framework, then you have a place to put everything.

  比尔·盖茨:如果读书够多,你就会发现,知识自有融会贯通之处,这样记忆起来就更简单。新知识与已经懂的旧知识会有相通之处,当你建起一套比较广泛的知识体系框架,那你就有了一个地方? 可以储存所有知识。

  Bill Gates: If you want to learn science, reading the history of scientists, and the story of scientists about when they were confused.And what tools or insights allowed them to make the progress they make. So you have the timeline, or you have the map or you have the branches of science,and what's known and what's not known.

  比尔·盖茨:比如你想学习科学,可以先读一些关于科学的历史,还有关于科学家的小故事。他们是什么时候开始产生疑问?后来使用了什么工具?有了怎样的灵感?最终才寻找到突破口。在脑海中,建立一条时间线或是描绘一张地图,或是想象一棵树。不同科学领域开枝散叶。确定什么是自己已知的,什么是未知的。

  Bill Gates: So, incremental knowledge is so much easier to maintain in a rich way than, you know, the first time somebody is telling you about Rome."Why am I reading about Rome, I'm reading about Queen Victoria.

  比尔·盖茨:这种渐进式增量式的知识扩容也更容易处理与维护。如果你对罗马毫无概念,有人第一次告诉你罗马的知识,你就很难记住。"为啥要我看关于罗马的书?我明明在读关于维多利亚女王的书!

  Bill Gates: At first it is very daunting. But then as you get the kind of scope, then all these pieces fit in. So it's fun to say, okay, this is where this belongs, and does this contradict something I knew before?

  比尔·盖茨:建立知识体系之初确实令人发憷。可一旦构造好大致的体系轮廓,所有知识就会自动归纳入位。接下来就有意思了,”这个知识 该归到这片区域""欸?这个新知识 怎么跟我已有的知识 互相矛盾?""我得去做个调查研究? 搞清楚到底怎么回事儿"。

  Bill Gates: And I better look that up, I better figure it out. You know, it really bothers you when you read things, and there's some inconsistency. If you take a chessboard and randomly place the pieces, and ask a chess person to memorise it, they can't do it. Cuz everything about chess positions is about the logic of how things developed. So if you show them a position that's illogical or incorrect. You would never get to their encoding system isn't set up to absorb that.

  比尔·盖茨:当你阅读到某些内容与你已知的不一致,你会感到非常困扰。知识体系的构造就像在下棋,假设你在棋盘上随意摆放棋子,然后让一位棋手来记住棋面布局。他们也无法做到,棋手能够记忆棋局棋谱是因为他们理解每一步棋背后的逻辑。如果棋子的摆放毫无逻辑、毫无顺序可言的话,即便是棋手也无法记住。因为他们的思维记忆模式不是那样建立起来的。

  

  剑桥西路

  2019.08.21 23:29

  字数 876

  Bill Gates: If you read enough, there's a similarity between things, that make it easy. Because this thing is like this other thing. If you have a broad framework, then you have a place to put everything.

  比尔·盖茨:如果读书够多,你就会发现,知识自有融会贯通之处,这样记忆起来就更简单。新知识与已经懂的旧知识会有相通之处,当你建起一套比较广泛的知识体系框架,那你就有了一个地方? 可以储存所有知识。

  Bill Gates: If you want to learn science, reading the history of scientists, and the story of scientists about when they were confused.And what tools or insights allowed them to make the progress they make. So you have the timeline, or you have the map or you have the branches of science,and what's known and what's not known.

  比尔·盖茨:比如你想学习科学,可以先读一些关于科学的历史,还有关于科学家的小故事。他们是什么时候开始产生疑问?后来使用了什么工具?有了怎样的灵感?最终才寻找到突破口。在脑海中,建立一条时间线或是描绘一张地图,或是想象一棵树。不同科学领域开枝散叶。确定什么是自己已知的,什么是未知的。

  Bill Gates: So, incremental knowledge is so much easier to maintain in a rich way than, you know, the first time somebody is telling you about Rome."Why am I reading about Rome, I'm reading about Queen Victoria.

  比尔·盖茨:这种渐进式增量式的知识扩容也更容易处理与维护。如果你对罗马毫无概念,有人第一次告诉你罗马的知识,你就很难记住。"为啥要我看关于罗马的书?我明明在读关于维多利亚女王的书!

  Bill Gates: At first it is very daunting. But then as you get the kind of scope, then all these pieces fit in. So it's fun to say, okay, this is where this belongs, and does this contradict something I knew before?

  比尔·盖茨:建立知识体系之初确实令人发憷。可一旦构造好大致的体系轮廓,所有知识就会自动归纳入位。接下来就有意思了,”这个知识 该归到这片区域""欸?这个新知识 怎么跟我已有的知识 互相矛盾?""我得去做个调查研究? 搞清楚到底怎么回事儿"。

  Bill Gates: And I better look that up, I better figure it out. You know, it really bothers you when you read things, and there's some inconsistency. If you take a chessboard and randomly place the pieces, and ask a chess person to memorise it, they can't do it. Cuz everything about chess positions is about the logic of how things developed. So if you show them a position that's illogical or incorrect. You would never get to their encoding system isn't set up to absorb that.

  比尔·盖茨:当你阅读到某些内容与你已知的不一致,你会感到非常困扰。知识体系的构造就像在下棋,假设你在棋盘上随意摆放棋子,然后让一位棋手来记住棋面布局。他们也无法做到,棋手能够记忆棋局棋谱是因为他们理解每一步棋背后的逻辑。如果棋子的摆放毫无逻辑、毫无顺序可言的话,即便是棋手也无法记住。因为他们的思维记忆模式不是那样建立起来的。

  Bill Gates: If you read enough, there's a similarity between things, that make it easy. Because this thing is like this other thing. If you have a broad framework, then you have a place to put everything.

  比尔·盖茨:如果读书够多,你就会发现,知识自有融会贯通之处,这样记忆起来就更简单。新知识与已经懂的旧知识会有相通之处,当你建起一套比较广泛的知识体系框架,那你就有了一个地方? 可以储存所有知识。

  Bill Gates: If you want to learn science, reading the history of scientists, and the story of scientists about when they were confused.And what tools or insights allowed them to make the progress they make. So you have the timeline, or you have the map or you have the branches of science,and what's known and what's not known.

  比尔·盖茨:比如你想学习科学,可以先读一些关于科学的历史,还有关于科学家的小故事。他们是什么时候开始产生疑问?后来使用了什么工具?有了怎样的灵感?最终才寻找到突破口。在脑海中,建立一条时间线或是描绘一张地图,或是想象一棵树。不同科学领域开枝散叶。确定什么是自己已知的,什么是未知的。

  Bill Gates: So, incremental knowledge is so much easier to maintain in a rich way than, you know, the first time somebody is telling you about Rome."Why am I reading about Rome, I'm reading about Queen Victoria.

  比尔·盖茨:这种渐进式增量式的知识扩容也更容易处理与维护。如果你对罗马毫无概念,有人第一次告诉你罗马的知识,你就很难记住。"为啥要我看关于罗马的书?我明明在读关于维多利亚女王的书!

  Bill Gates: At first it is very daunting. But then as you get the kind of scope, then all these pieces fit in. So it's fun to say, okay, this is where this belongs, and does this contradict something I knew before?

  比尔·盖茨:建立知识体系之初确实令人发憷。可一旦构造好大致的体系轮廓,所有知识就会自动归纳入位。接下来就有意思了,”这个知识 该归到这片区域""欸?这个新知识 怎么跟我已有的知识 互相矛盾?""我得去做个调查研究? 搞清楚到底怎么回事儿"。

  Bill Gates: And I better look that up, I better figure it out. You know, it really bothers you when you read things, and there's some inconsistency. If you take a chessboard and randomly place the pieces, and ask a chess person to memorise it, they can't do it. Cuz everything about chess positions is about the logic of how things developed. So if you show them a position that's illogical or incorrect. You would never get to their encoding system isn't set up to absorb that.

  比尔·盖茨:当你阅读到某些内容与你已知的不一致,你会感到非常困扰。知识体系的构造就像在下棋,假设你在棋盘上随意摆放棋子,然后让一位棋手来记住棋面布局。他们也无法做到,棋手能够记忆棋局棋谱是因为他们理解每一步棋背后的逻辑。如果棋子的摆放毫无逻辑、毫无顺序可言的话,即便是棋手也无法记住。因为他们的思维记忆模式不是那样建立起来的。

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